The colitis is not colic in stomach. Colon in Greek and Latin is a large intestine. Its inflammation (of its internal mucosa) is called colitis.
The fresh acute colitis proceeds violently, chronic – slowly and listlessly. The inflammation of large intestine is often combined with inflammation small intestine (enteritis) or stomach (gastritis).
Colitis may be infectious, ulcerative, ischemic (when the blood is badly supplied to intestine), medicinal, radiative. Long taking of antibiotics, purgatives, neuroleptics, excess of animal and flour nutrition in ration, the use of spicy food, alcohol, and dreary diet can be the reason. Sometimes the colitis is caused by worms, poisoning (arsenic, lead).
The colitis caused by intestinal infection proceeds violently. Bacteria damage mucosa. The wall of the intestine swells, secretion of slime and its contraction (peristalsis) is broken. There are painful urges to defecate, diarrhea, sometimes with blood, abdominal pains disturb.
Pains – the first sign of a colitis, they can be followed by rumbling, abdominal distention. The person is flaccid, weak, in severe cases temperature increases. The acute colitis lasts for some days, chronic for weeks and even years.
Treatment of colitis begins with a diet. Further therapy depends on a cause of illness. If it is an intestinal infection, antibiotics are prescribed. At the colitis caused by prolonged use of drugs they should be canceled. A chronic colitis treats spasmolytic, anti-diarrheal agents, anti-inflammatory, in the most severe cases glucocorticoid hormones are prescribed.