Pancreatitis is a pancreas inflammation. Chronic proceeds long, with the exacerbation periods. It develops at long alcohol intake, gall bladder diseases. After the acute pancreatitis the chronic arises practically always. Also inflammatory process is promoted by some drugs (antibiotics, Sulfanilamide, Furosemide), infections (hepatitis, parotitis), and worms (acarida), hormonal disturbances.
At chronic pancreatitis the main of pancreas tissue turns in cicatricle, in insufficient quantity digestive enzymes are produced.
The patient is disturbed by pain in epigastria, with extension in hypochondriac, and back. Pain may be encircling, grows when the patient in lying on his back position, weakens when the person sits down or slightly bends forward. Pain grows after meal (in particular plentiful, fried, fat, spicy).
Diarrheas also accompany pancreatitis. The stool is mushy, may contain undigested parts of nutrition. The volume of feces is strongly enlarged; it has an unpleasant smell, gray shade, fatty, is hardly washed away. There can be eructation, nausea, flatulence. The patient loses appetite, grows thin.
During the exacerbation the treatment is carried out at a hospital, similar to treatment of acute pancreatitis. After subsiding of implications of illness keeping of a diet takes the first place. It is desirable to exclude entirely alcohol, marinades, greasy, fried, spicy food, and fragrant broths. The nutrition has to contain a large amount of proteins and limited carbohydrates. The nutrition is given in warmed condition. It is necessary to eat many times per day, a little at a time.