Chronic gastritis is a Long-term mucous inflammation of stomach with the periods of n exacerbation and remission. The main cause of gastritis is infection with Helicobacter pylori bacterium (helicobacter). Other causes are met less often – long influence of erodent substances – aspirin at uncontrolled self-treatment, bile after the surgeries damaging the exit from the stomach.
Usually children and young people catch the helicobacter. Infection occurs through ware, hygienic subjects, endoscopes, at kisses. The bacterium develops the substances allowing it to survive in acid and injuring a stomach poisons. She is attached to a stomach wall under the slime covering it, and there breeds, causing damage of stomach mucosa.
More frequent on empty stomach, at night, there are cramp-like sharp pains at the abdomen top; there is nausea, and occasionally vomiting. The patient suffers from heartburn, acidic eructation, feeling of heaviness and overflowing in stomach, constipations, furred tongue.
Quite often chronic gastritis proceeds imperceptibly for the patient, without unpleasant feelings. But gastritis belongs to precancerous states and requires a serious attitude.
In treatment of the gastritis caused by a helicobacter killing bacteria medicines are applied. If acidity of gastric juice is raised or reduced, its correction is required. A diet is prescribed to the patient, the structure of nutrition has to be mechanically and chemically sparing.