Biliary dyskinesia

Bile is generated in the liver. Before getting into intestine it passes a long way on bile-excreting ducts. The largest bile duct falls into a duodenum. It has muscular cells, contractions and relaxation of which doses a bile flow.

Biliary dyskinesia is a disease at which normal contractions of a gall bladder and bile-excreting ducts are disturbed.

More often women have the dyskinesia. Improper feeding provokes development of the disease (fat, spicy, with long breaks), illnesses of digestive organs (peptic ulcer, gastritis, and pancreatitis), climax, hormonal disturbances, lesion with worms, nervous experiences and stresses.

There are two kinds of biliary dyskinesia – hyperkinetic and hypokinetic. In case of hyperkinetic a tonus of a gall bladder is high, contractions happen quickly and strongly. Muscular “gates” of bile ducts open insufficiently that causes a sharp pain under the right costal arch. Painful attacks are short-term seldom proceed more than an hour. Usually they are provoked with disorders, nervous overloads, negative emotions. Exacerbations are connected with menses during which the tonus of a gall bladder raises. The hyperkinetic form of a dyskinesia is met more often at the young age.

The hypokinetic form on the contrary, strikes elderly people more often. The gall bladder contractions are insufficient. It also causes pain in right subcostal area. But pain is mild, long term, has blunt, arching character.

Biliary dyskinesia periodically becomes aggravated. There is an inflammation or formation of gallstones in bile ducts and gall bladder begins.

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