Gastritis is a stomach mucosa inflammation. Acute gastritis arises at short influence of strong stimuli, proceeds hard, being followed by formation of erosions (destructions of mucosa) of stomach, bleeding. The exacerbation of chronic differs from initially acute gastritis.
Excessive alcohol intake, the casual or deliberate use of acids, alkalis, poisons, some drugs – high doses of Aspirin can become the cause. Gastritis arises at a stress after a myocardial infarction or stroke, injuries, burns, operations, at renal and liver failure.
The patient with acute gastritis has eructation, heaviness in stomach, severe sharp pain in the pit of the stomach, giddiness, nausea, vomiting. Sometimes there is a vomiting with blood or blood impurity which is already semi-digested (brown color). The stool is liquefied in couple of days. Usually the patient had no gastritis before.
At first it is necessary to find the cause of acute injury of stomach, and if it is possible, to eliminate it. Sometimes the gastric lavage is required. For the first days of a disease it is recommended not to eat any food. Further at acute gastritis it is necessary to keep a diet – to use slimy soups, berry jelly. The diet has to be chemically and mechanically sparing for stomach.
In case of bleeding the drugs weakening production of the hydrochloric acid are injected intravenously. Medicines promoting healing of erosions by means of formation on their surface of protective film are applied.