Acute cholecystitis is an inflammation in gall bladder. As a rule, the disease arises in the patients having cholelithiasis, in case of getting the stone into the general cystic duct and its occlusions. Bile stands too long, the infection joins that causes gall bladder mucous edema and its inflammation.
Symptoms of gall bladder acute inflammation are: persistent pain on the right at the top of the stomach, with extension to the right arm, neck and breast; body temperature raise, dyspepsia phenomena, bitter taste in the mouth, not giving relief to the patient vomiting; icterus of skin, eyes and mucosa. Emergence of pain is preceded often by an attack of biliary colic.
The disease is dangerous by its complications – a purulent inflammation and rupture of gall bladder, development of inflammation of peritoneum, developing of acute pancreatitis.
It is necessary to call the ambulance urgently. It is forbidden to put one stomach more anything hot, to accept laxative, to wash out a stomach. The bed rest is necessary for the patient, it is necessary to place ice to the place of a projection to abdominal wall of gall bladder but so that there was no frostbite of skin.
The acute cholecystitis is treated at surgical hospital. During the first hours a dropper is put to the patient. Spasmolytic medicines, antibiotics, carry out de-intoxication is prescribed. When cholecystitis implications weaken patient is prepared for operation and the gall bladder is completely removed. If the attack of a cholecystitis proceeds, it is necessary to carry out an urgent operation.