It is characterized by formation of defects in stomach or duodenum. The disease proceeds cyclically, with exacerbations, for years undermining health of the person. Exacerbations in most of patients happen in spring and in autumn.
Almost always ulcer develops in the patients who already have chronic gastritis. But additional factors are necessary: stresses, depressions, bad heredity, and eating rough food, at which generation of hydrochloric acid is enlarged. Abuse of alcohol strengthening aggressive action of gastric juice is capable to lead to ulcer. Nicotine also increases production of acid. Ulcer can be formed at taking some drugs – aspirin, corticosteroid hormones.
Pain at the top of abdomen warns about peptic ulcer. The patient is disturbed by night pains and arising on an empty stomach. To suppress pain, it is necessary to eat something.
Pain has noticeable rhythm (connected with meals), the expressed seasonality (spring-autumn), frequency. Pains decrease after taking antacids.
Frequent symptom is a heartburn arising a couple hours later of last meal. Such characteristic symptoms as an acidic eructation, constipations, nausea, vomiting also testify to ulcer. Appetite is kept or increased; the patient with ulcer has “a painful hunger”.
Sometimes the ulcer proceeds asymptomatically. Defect penetration deep into walls of a stomach is dangerously with development of bleeding or its rupture.